• IUI

    Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperm inside a woman's uterus to facilitate fertilization. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization.

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  • IVF

    IVF is the process of fertilization by extracting eggs, retrieving a sperm sample, and then manually combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. The embryo(s) is then transferred to the uterus. Other forms of ART include GIFT and ZIFT.

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  • ICSI

    In ICSI, gametes (eggs and sperm) are collected from each partner. The difference between ICSI and IVF is the method of achieving fertilisation. ICSI refers to laboratory procedure where a single sperm is picked up with a fine glass needle and injected directly into each egg .

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  • TESA

    For some patients with a zero sperm count (azoospermia), sperm can often be retrieved directly from the testes using a fine needle aspiration technique - immature sperm thus retrieved can then be matured in vitro and injected into the wife's oocytes by ICSI to achieve a viable pregnancy and livebirth.

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